Most of pianists identifies the Mazurka with Chopin, but he (even though he composed 58 mazurkas and 2 uncompleted ones)was not the real creator. The word seems to come from Masovia or Masuria, names of 2 polish regions, from Mazurek, villagge in the neighbourhood of Warsaw, or from Mazur, the polish farmer. A genre that was born among the difficulties and problems of polish low classes in a bad historical period (1700-800). Chopin deserves to be considered the person who redefined the style, and introduced it to the audience as a renewed art.
In his Mazurkas Chopin expresses the soul of Poland, his fatherland, in the name of the suffering and the poverty of polish farmers.
You will realize the poetry of these compositions thank to this detailed list.